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TOEFL Structure Part 10: Importance-Impersonal Expressions


Problem 10 Importance-Impersonal Expressions
Remember that the following adjectives are used in impersonal expressions.

essential
imperative
important
necessary

It is
adjective
infinitive

It is
important
To verify
the data
Or
It is
adjective
that
S
Verb word

It is
important
that
the data
be
verified

Avoid using a present tense verb instead of a verb word. Avoid using a modal before the verb word.

INCORRECT : It is not necessary that you must take an entrance examination to be admitted to an American university.
CORRECT : It is not necessary to take an entrance examination to be admitted to an American university.
Or
CORRECT : It is not necessary that you take an entrance examination to be admitted to an American university.

INCORRECT : It is imperative that you are on time.
CORRECT : It is imperative to be on time.
Or
CORRECT : It is imperative that you be on time.

INCORRECT : It is important that I will speak with Mr. Williams immediately.
CORRECT : It is important to Speak with Mr. Williams immediately.
Or
CORRECT : It is important that I speak with Mr. Williams immediately.

INCORRECT : It is imperative that your signature appears on your identification card.
CORRECT : It is imperative to sign your identification card.
Or
CORRECT : It is imperative that your signature appear on your identification card.

Exercises
Part A: Choose the correct answer.

It is necessary _________ the approaches to a bridge, the road design, and the alignment in such a way as to best accommodate the expected traffic flow over and under it.
(A) plan
(B) to plan
(C) planning
(D) the plan

Part B: Choose the incorrect word or phrase and correct it.

It is essential that vitamins are supplied either by foods or by supplementary tablets for normal growth to occur.
(A) (B) (C) (D)

Labels: Structure TOEFL

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