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TOEFL Structure Part 5: Irregular Past Forms


Problem 5 Irregular Past Forms
Many grammar books list a large number of tenses in English, but the two basic tenses are present and past. Auxiliary verbs are used with main verbs to express future and other special times.

Verb Word
Past Form
Participle
be
beat
become
begin
bite
blow
break
choose
come
do
draw
drink
drive
eat
fall
fly
forget
forgive
freeze
get
give
90
grow
hide
know
ride
run
see
shake
show
shrink
sing
speak
steal
swear
swim
take
tear
throw
wear
weave
withdraw
write
wadwere
beat
became
began
bit
blew
broke
chose
came
did
drew
drank
drove
ate
fell
flew
forgot
forgave
froze
got
gave
went
grew
hid
knew
rode
ran
saw
shook
showed
shrank
sang
spoke
stole
swore
swam
took
tore
threw
wore
wove
withdrew
wrote
been
beaten
become
begun
bitten
blown
broken
chosen
come
done
drawn
drunk
driven
eaten
fallen
flown
forgotten
forgiven
frozen
gotten or got
given
gone
grown
hidden
known
ridden
run
seen
shaken
shown
shrunk
sung
spoken
stolen
sworn
swum
taken
torn
thrown
worn
woven
withdrawn
written

Rememberthat past forms of the following irregularverbs are not the same as the participles:

S
V (past)
M
The concert
began
at eight o'clock

Avoid using a participle instead of a past for simple past statements.

INCORRECT : They done it very well after they had practiced.
CORRECT : They did it very well after they had practiced.

INCORRECT : Before she run the computer program, she had checked it out with her supervisor.
CORRECT : Before she ran the computer program, she had checked it out with her supervisor.

INCORRECT : We eat dinner in Albuquerque on our vacation last year.
CORRECT : We ate dinner in Albuquerque on our vacation last year.

INCOPRECT : My nephew begun working for me about ten years ago.
CORRECT : My nephew began working for me about ten years ago.

INCORRECT : I know that you been forty on your last birthday.
CORRECT : I know that you were forty on your last birthday.

Exercises
Part A: Choose the correct answer.

Before the Angles and the Saxons _________ to England, the Iberians had lived there.
(A) coming
(B) come
(C) came
(D) did come

Part B: Choose the incorrect word or phrase and correct it.

When Columbus seen the New World, he thought that he had reached the East Indies by way of a Western route.

(A) (B) (C) (D)
Labels: Structure TOEFL

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